On the mean field theory and the tangent kernel theory for neural networks
Deep neural networks trained with stochastic gradient algorithms often achieve near vanishing training error, and generalize well on test data. Such empirical success of optimization and generalization, however, is quite surprising from a theoretical point of view, mainly due to non-convexity and overparameterization of deep neural networks.
In this lecture, I will talk about the mean field theory and the tangent kernel theory on the training dynamics of neural networks, and discuss about their benefits and shortcomings in terms of both optimization and generalization.Then I will analyze the generalization error of linearized neural networks with two interesting phenomena: staircase and double-descent. Finally, I will propose challenges and open problems in analyzing deep neural networks.
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